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"Never Again" Koronadal during the Japanese Interregnum

The Philippine Independence occurred on June 12, 1898, where Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain after the latter was defeated at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War.

Great stories of heroism and martyrdom had been written in the historical archives that portrayed patriotism in different forms. Today’s educational system includes many stories of persecutions and oppressions by the colonial forces. Filipino writers soon began spreading the ideals of nationalism as early as the 1700s which later included the much bolder contributions of Dr. Jose P. Rizal. Soon, radical patriots started to mobilize, the most prominent of which is the Katipunan lead by Andres Bonifacio. Since then, a more violent revolution ensued with the ultimate goal of breaking out from tyranny and pursuing the independence of a nation.

In Koronadal, events of familiar struggles for independence and freedom from a tyrant regime took place almost simultaneously during the opening of the National Land Settlement Administration or the NLSA created under the Commonwealth Act No. 3 which was signed into law by President Manuel L. Quezon on June 19, 1939. This law declared Koronadal and Allah Valley as settlement reserve areas. The NLSA was headed by the General Manager, Ex-Army Gen. Paulino Santos, Sr.

The new struggles came when the Japanese Emperial Forces started its campaign in the Visayas and Mindanao with the bombing raid of Davao on December 8, 1941, launched in coordination with the Japanese air offensive, barely 24 hours after the bombing of Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. The 101st Infantry, stationed in the place, offered only slight opposition in the face of heavy artillery and naval fire.

Realizing that armed resistance against the Japanese will be futile to the settlers, Gen. Paulino Santos decided to come in peaceful terms with the invaders. The Japanese commander and General Santos signed an agreement where the “Japanese will not molest or abuse civilians in all districts of Koronadal valley but with the condition that the people will cooperate and never commit any wrong move otherwise they will feel the repressive force of Japanese displeasure.” The latter also continued to function as Director General of the settlement under the direct supervision of the Japanese, serving as the intermediary between the people and the foreign occupants. This move by Gen. Santos is the primary reason for the relative peace in the Koronadal Valley during the foreign interregnum.

The local government of the City of Koronadal, under the leadership of the Hon. Fernando Q. Miguel, with special performance by the Hinugyaw Cultural Dance Troupe, the city’s frontline performing group, and in celebration of the Philippine Declaration of Independence , is proud to present, “Never Again: Koronadal during the Japanese Interregnum”. A theatrical recollection of the distant past and attributions to the people who endured pain and shed tears and blood and even gave their lives to realize independence and freedom from tyranny in this part of the Philippines. 
 
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Jueteng ay sama-sama nating sugpuin
 

 

ni: Among Ed Panlilio
Abante, Marso 7,2009

Noong nagpunta si Pa­ngulong Gloria Arroyo sa Pampanga noong nakaraan linggo, pinahayag niyang Stop Jueteng in Pampanga. Kung ang jueteng ay pinahihinto niya, samakatuwid, mayroong jueteng sa ating bansa. Sapagkat hindi niya ipahihinto kung ito ay wala. Hindi kagaya ng sinasabi ng Pampanga ma­yors, ibang board members, at mismong si DILG Sec. Puno. Mayroon daw STL ngunit walang jueteng.


Ang sabi sa akin ng aking kaibigan na heneral, kung ang gobernador at ang PNP provincial director (PD) ay laban sa jueteng, 51% nito ay masusugpo.

Kung ang gobernador, PD at regional director (RD) ng PNP at laban sa jueteng, 81% ay masusugpo. At kung sasama pa sa kanila ang presidente ng bansa, tuluyang mawawala ang jueteng. Lalo na kung ang mga tao ay hindi tatangkilikin ito.


Ngunit kumusta naman ang ating mga kababayan na mawawalan ng trabaho kung itong salot sa ating lipunan ay ititigil?


Mayroon pong buhay pagkatapos ng jueteng. Sa katunayan, mas mabuti pa nga.


Alam ba ninyong napakaliit ng kinikita ng kubrador? 10% lang ng kanyang nakokolektang taya ang napupunta sa kanya. Kung halimbawa, sa maghapon siya ay nakapagpataya ng P500, P50 lang ang kita niya.


Sa Pampanga, hindi pa namin ginagamit ang mahigit na P30M na ibinigay ng STL sa probinsiya. Ito ay nilalaan namin sa mga nagtatrabaho sa jueteng na gustong magkaroon ng mas marangal at kumikitang hanapbuhay. Puwede silang makipag-ugnayan kay Mr. Bert Gatus sa aming PCEDO para dito. At lahat ng bayan at probinsiya ay maaaring maglaan din ng pondo upang tunay na makatulong sa mga dapat humiwalay sa ganitong ilegalidad.


At hindi lang panibagong hanapbuhay ang sagot sa jueteng at sa jueteng politics. Ang ating mga school administrators ay dapat sama-samang magbuo ng curriculum sa paaralan na magdidiin sa halaga ng sipag kaysa sa sugal. Ang mga pari, madre, pastor, catechists at preachers ay dapat ma­ngaral laban sa jueteng. Ang media practitioners ay dapat ipakita kung gaano kasama ang naidudulot ng jueteng. Ang mga mic­ro-finance institions ay maglaan ng puhunan para makapag-alay ng alternatibong hanapbuhay. Ang mga social institutions at ang gobyerno ay maglaan ng scholarship program at Philhealth cards sa mga kubrador at kabo, etc.


Wala pong isang tao o institution o isang pamamaraan na puwedeng sumugpo sa jueteng. Ngunit kung sama-sama tayong magtutulungan at ang ating mga mamamayan na dapat nang magising na sa panlilinlang ng jueteng ay hindi na tataya, hindi puwedeng hindi maalis sa lipunan natin itong masamang bisyo.


Kahulihan, kailangan natin ang Diyos at ang kanyang kapangyarihan sa gawaing ito. Ang kalaban dito ay hindi ang jueteng lord. Sapagkat mamatay man ang nagpapa-jueteng ay papalitan siya ng iba. Ang dapat nating lipulin ay ang masamang espiritu na pinanggagalingan nito.


Kung ihahalintulad natin sa masamang damo, dapat itong alisin mula sa ugat. Mangyayari lamang ito pagka nagkaisa tayong italaga ang kapangyarihan ng Poon sa pagpuksa sa nagpapasimuno dito.